The Scotch terrier got its name from the Latin word "terra" - land. For centuries, terriers were considered "earthen" dogs and were faithful helpers in the burrow hunt for badgers and foxes.
The first mention of Scottish terriers dates back to the 16th century. It was to this time that medieval canvases belong, where the nobility is depicted with their pets, outwardly resembling modern scotch terriers.
The breed was developed in the 19th century thanks to S.E. Shirley and G. Murray, who were closely engaged in its improvement. The first description of the exterior is given in the breed standard in 1883.
It is known that the owners of Scotch terriers were such significant people as T. Roosevelt and A. Einstein, and in their works the breed was immortalized by R. Kipling and V. Wulf.
Related varieties of the Scottish Terrier include: West Highland White Terriers, Dandy Diamond Terriers, Skye and Cairn Terrier. Despite the fact that they all came from different breeds and have different places of origin, they certainly have one ancestor.
FCI Standard No. 77 of 2.02.1998 Scottish Terrier
Group 3 "Terriers"
Section 1 “Large and medium terriers”
The FCI standard defines:
- height at withers from 25 to 28 cm.,
- weight from 8.5 to 10.5 kg.
This is a stocky dog its size is suitable for work in a burrow, which excludes dogs with overweight, short-legged, always alert, leaves the impression of great strength and energy, enclosed in a small volume.
The head seems too long for the size of the dog. is he very nimble and active despite short legs.
The table shows the exterior features of the official breed standard Scotch Terrier.
|HEAD||Long, but does not upset the proportion to the size of the dog.|
|EYES||Almond-shaped, dark brown, quite wide apart, well set under the eyebrows, with a penetrating, intelligent expression.|
|Ears||Neat, thin web, pointed, erect, high placed on top of the cranial part, but not too close to each other.|
|NECK||Muscular, moderate length, providing a posture that demonstrates dignity.|
|CHEST||Pretty wide and down between the forelimbs.|
|FEET||Good size, with developed pads, fingers closed, arched in a lump, hind legs slightly smaller than forepaws.|
|TAIL||Moderate length, gives the dog a balanced look. Thick at the base, gradually tapering towards the end. Holds upright or with a slight bend.|
|WOOL||Hard and long with soft and thick undercoat|
|Color||Black, wheat or brindle any shades|
With proper care of the pet, his life expectancy will be 14 to 16 years.
Characteristics, skills, abilities
Scotch Terrier: description of the breed, character based on the embodiment of English restraint and aristocracy. In childhood, she likes to be mischievous, but with age, true equanimity manifests itself.
A pet is naturally brought up, but with a complex and stubborn character, if you do not deal with his education from an early age. It treats strangers with prejudice, aggression is not uncommon, but does not have a soul at home and shows itself with them in the best qualities.
Scottie is intolerant of other animals, sometimes aggressive, so it is worthwhile to carefully breed such a breed in a house where there are already pets.
Despite this, the Scottish Terrier is a playful, cheerful and devoted favorite. If necessary, can stand up for the owner, will be an excellent guard for the house, no worse than special guard dogs.
When training a dog, it is important to know that he will obey only to whom he sees a friend and partner. The use of physical force in relation to a pet is excluded. Otherwise, the dog will be stubborn and will not execute commands. Having established a confidential contact with a dog, you will forever find a faithful, courageous and friendly comrade.
The Scotch terrier became a domestic breed, but did not lose its original instincts - such a dog will become an excellent rat-catcher and assistant in the burrow hunt.
Care and maintenance
The Scottish Terrier gets along well both in the apartment and in the country house. Like other wire-haired dogs, Scottie needs regular grooming and grooming about 2 times a year. The pet's hair should be brushed and combed regularly with eyebrows and beard. In bad weather, it is recommended to wear a jumpsuit for your pet. You need to wash the dog as it gets dirty, but not too often.
Walking with a dog is recommended daily. It is necessary to provide the dog with the opportunity to run without a leash and play enough, so that it does not bring much trouble in the room, grows up healthy and happy.
The first lure of the puppy begins with low-fat kefir. As the pet grows older, in small portions, low-fat beef, poultry, low-fat cottage cheese is added to the diet. It is allowed to feed the puppy offal, excluding the heart.
An adult pet should choose a balanced diet. You can give sea fish, fruits, berries, add meat products to a small amount of cereal (rice, buckwheat). It’s important not to overfeed the dog and include vitamins and minerals in the diet, observe a meal regimen.
At any age, you can not feed lamb, pork, pastry and pasta to Scotty. Minced meat, river fish and flour products are not recommended.
Pros and cons
The pluses of the breed include its miniature and decorative: funny character and cute muzzle of a dog will not leave anyone indifferent. Relative ease of care, good health and the ability to leave a pet alone - the dog is naturally self-sufficient and will not miss its owner too much.
The disadvantages of the breed include the complex nature of the pet: the owner will have to earn his authority.
Scotty loves to fight, but she does not always correlate her forces with those of her opponent. Picky in food. If you have small children, you need to make a Scottie with caution, the pet does not accept rudeness and can give change.
The pros and cons of the Scotch Terrier breed can be further supplemented by reviews, as a rule, of happy owners.
Pet behavior, health and moodcompletely depend on the attention and skillful treatment of the owner. Scotch Terrier: Owner reviews about the breed reveal the features of these aristocrats. Here are the most characteristic of them:
- scotti is always ready to be near the owner, betrayed, but not intrusive,
- cheerful and not boring character,
- doggie is a little stubborn, does not tolerate coercion, while restrained and practically barks for no reason,
- unlike other small breeds, scottis has a very tough, hypoallergenic coat,
- the dog requires constant hair care, in rainy weather, jumpsuit is needed,
- lack of molting with proper hair care,
- it is necessary to cut only by a specialist,
- The breed is suitable for independent and busy people. In addition, Scotty will ideally get along with people of advanced age, as she loves peace and quiet.
Scotch terrier is rightly considered the embodiment of aristocracy, being one of the symbols of Scotland. Choosing from many other breeds of scotch terrier you will always find a faithful companion and a wonderful friend.
In addition, check out the video about the Scotch Terrier breed:
The scotch terrier is the oldest Scottish breed of dog. However, although it has existed for quite some time, it was only in the mid-80s that it could get its portion of popularity. At that time, a breakthrough occurred in the history of the breed: people refused to cross the short-legged Scottish Terrier with a long-haired Englishman. But the real classification did not work out, so for several decades, all the dogs that were used to catch rats or as normal dogs were called Scottish terriers. And in those days, such directions were inherent in the West Highland Terrier, Sky, White and Cairn Terriers.
The process of becoming Scotch was hindered by promiscuous breeding. According to people, in every village in those days there was a vision of an ideal adhesive tape, which could be an incredible mixture of genes, combining many different breeds. In 1879, the breed began to take shape in a separate category. This was facilitated by the decision of the English Kennel Club, according to which, Scottish Terriers should be placed in different categories, depending on the coat color.
History knows the name of the first breeder, Captain Mackey, who played a key role in the process of dividing adhesive tapes into groups.
In 1880, Mackey traveled to Scotland and bought from the peasants dogs with wheat and black wool. Due to his activities, in 1883 the breed had a breed standard that separated it from the white West Highland and the ash sky terrier. In the United States, the scotch terrier appeared in the XIX century, but this breed did not impress anyone. Interest in animals arose after Franklin Roosevelt acquired them.
Dogs were brought to Russia in the first half of the 20th century, and they lived with the Rurikovich. However, after the revolution, the breed was again forgotten, and remembered only in 1930. At that moment, it didn’t come to breeding, as the Great Patriotic War began. Pedigree breeding in Russia started in the mid-70s, when representatives of the breed began to be imported from abroad.
Advantages and disadvantages
The scotch terrier is a special dog that differs from its brethren not only in appearance but also in character. Before choosing a fourth friend, you should familiarize yourself with the positive and negative traits of the animal in order to verify the correctness of its acquisition.
Consider the most obvious benefits of Scots.
- Miniature sizes and decorative features. Due to its small size, the animal can live in an apartment, it does not require large space.
- Unpretentiousness in leaving. Such a dog does not need complicated care. He only needs a haircut, since the hair does not shed on its own.
- Resistance to various diseases. Scotch terrier is rarely sick and can boast of good health.
- Independence. The dog can be left alone: it is famous for its natural self-sufficiency, so it will not be homesick during the absence of the owner.
- Lively mind and quick wits. These dogs quickly understand what’s what, and on the fly they learn new skills.
- Devotion. Breeders say that if you find an approach to your pet, he will become a true friend until the last day.
- Sociability. The animal loves human society and is always ready to be near, while it will not be very intrusive.
- Love for walks. The dog is not against long walks, and they are vital to him.
- Activity and energy.
- Pleasant appearance. Scotch terrier always attracts the attention of people on the street.
However, the breed has some negative features.
- Pride and obstinacy. The dog can go on the principle and insist on his own. In order for the animal to be obedient, you should engage in the process of education from the first day, and always insist on your own.
- The terrier does not get along well with other pets. The dog will be constantly jealous of its owner.
- The hair should be monitored by trimming.
- The dog will bark frequently and piercingly.
- The breed is suitable only for an experienced owner.
- Walking twice a day is required, along with physical activity and jogging.
- The animal is not suitable for those who lead a sedentary lifestyle.
If you provide these dogs with proper care, they live quite a long time - 13-14 years. The scotch terrier is a genetically healthy dog that is distinguished by endurance. They have activity in the blood, and they retain it until their venerable age. However, the breed has some serious diseases that can be hereditary.
- Scotty cramp (cramps). This is a neuromuscular disease that occurs if the animal is in an excited state. At this moment, he may experience cramps, loss of consciousness is not observed. Such a disease is not progressive, so the dog will live normally with her. The number of seizures is individual.
- VWD and hemophilia. Hematopoietic system disease. It manifests itself in the form of bleeding associated with a blood clotting disorder. If the disease is severe, bleeding can be spontaneous and begin in the internal organs, muscle tissue or joints. Due to an incurable disease, many scotch tapes died at a young or even puppy age.
- Cushing's Syndrome. This is a disease of the endocrine system. Manifested in excessively produced cortisol. You should contact your veterinarian if the scotch terrier is losing weight, experiencing increased thirst, he has frequent urination, darkening of the skin, and loss of hair. The treatment is expensive and lengthy. If therapy is neglected, the dog may die.
- Scottish Terrier may also suffer skeletal diseases, dysplasia, pulmonary stenosis, retinal atrophy.
Most diseases can be detected using a genetic test, so you can learn about them before buying a puppy.
How to choose a puppy?
A puppy who is 8 weeks old is quite difficult to verify for compliance with the standard. Scotch terriers acquire breeds only in 5-6 months. Therefore, in order not to encounter the purchase of a non-purebred or non-standard pet, it is recommended to contact only trusted nurseries. Each mating should be planned and registered with the club.
Owners who are afraid to buy a “defective” dog can find a dog breeder who sells grown puppies. Among the six-month-olds it will be possible to see how promising the dog is for an exhibition career. However, the cost of such a dog will be much higher compared to two-month-old puppies.
When choosing, you need to know that the head of the little Scottish terrier will look too massive in relation to the general appearance of the animal. This is a normal situation. But if an eight-week-old dog looks completely formed, and resembles an adult in its features, this suggests that in the future the pet will have a lightweight skeleton with a short skull.
The puppy should be checked for health. To do this, examine his ears, the area under the tail. Both areas should be clean. Redness is not allowed in the inguinal region and under the armpits.
It is important to assess the temperament of the future pet while he is with his brothers and sisters. A shy and slow dog is not a good option.
If the puppy is too shaggy, and his skull is abundantly covered with wool, you should refuse to buy. In the future, such an adhesive tape terrier will be soft-coated, which is considered a serious vice. It is recommended to choose puppies with a smooth coat.
Maintenance and care
The Scottish Terrier can be kept in a small apartment, if provided with long walks and physical activity. The dog must run. When the baby was brought into the house, it must be placed next to the owner, as the pet needs close communication with the person. Also, this arrangement will allow the puppy to quickly understand who is his mentor and friend.The place to sleep should be equipped with wooden sides up to 10 cm high. When installing, make sure that the bed is raised a few centimeters above the floor surface. Such a maneuver will help save the pet from drafts.
Toys are a prerequisite for keeping a dog. With their help, you can distract the attention of the pet from furniture and other items in those moments when the dog is left alone. Some owners replace the usual toys with an apple or a cabbage stalk.
The surface of the floor should be covered with rugs or newspapers. The puppy's legs will be scattered on the bare floor and this can lead to improper positioning of the limbs or to injuries. Walk the pet only on a leash until the dog’s skeleton is formed. Then you can use the harness. The muzzle is an indispensable accessory, you should teach your pet to him since childhood.
Scotch terrier is not suitable for the person who spends most of his life on the couch. In the first six months of his life, he will need walks every two hours. Next year the dog is walked 4 times a day. When the pet is 1.5 years old, you can accustom him to two-time walks. The duration of one walk should be at least two hours. If you do not want to walk your four-legged friend for so long, you can resort to a three-time walk, where walks will last one hour.
Periodically, the dog needs to be bathed, in the summer this should happen more often than in the winter. In autumn, special clothing should be worn so that the terrier does not get dirty. Bathing should be done in warm water, using specialized shampoos designed for coarse wool.
"Doggy" scotch terrier almost never smells. Therefore, with this symptom, you should pay attention to the nutrition of the animal: the diet should be balanced, without allergens.
Ear care will only have to be done occasionally. The breed is characterized by small open ears, so otitis media is not terrible for her. The teeth of the scotch terrier are strong and healthy. Their condition is at "excellent" to a very old age. Claws need to be trimmed regularly, even if the pet is constantly getting a load. Special attention should be paid to the beard of the terrier. It must be wiped after each intake of water and food.
It’s better to immediately buy flat bowls with an automatic watering machine designed specifically for bearded breeds. Eyebrows, eyelashes and eyes are areas that you should also pay attention to. Since the coat is stiff, it can irritate the mucous membrane of the eye, which will lead to diseases.
The subtleties of haircuts
The coat of the scotch terrier requiresso that he is provided with constant trimming and cutting. These are the only conditions that must be observed when keeping dogs. They do not need constant combing, therefore, to trim your pet, you will need to find a good master (for exhibitions this is a prerequisite) or to master the skill yourself.
The Scottish Terrier has a hard coat, which protects the dog well from exposure to heat and cold, but without mechanical action it does not fade. Therefore, old hairs that have lost their elasticity and shine should be plucked by hand. Trimming should be done 2-4 times a year.
The home haircut scheme has the following nuances.
- The coat, which is located on the head, cheeks, neck and throat, must be shortened using a machine or scissors. Be sure to leave the dog her eyebrows with a beard, thanks to which the animal has a concentrated look. It is necessary to check that the length of the hair does not interfere with the dog's vision.
- Short hairs should be removed along the back of the nose, thus obtaining a parting. Ears are trimmed according to a similar principle, with the conservation of pointed tips.
- To give a neat appearance, the fur on the sides, back and under the tail is also shortened. On the shoulders, the hairs are removed from the sides.
- The “skirt” should be located on the stomach, hull and legs. The length can be different: from a few centimeters to the length of the floor.
This is the home option for cutting a scotch terrier. A lot of details are provided for the exhibition, which include requirements for the thickness and length of the coat. Therefore, such dogs will need grooming, which will be carried out by a professional.
What to feed?
There are two categories of owners: connoisseurs of prepared food and fans of natural nutrition. If the owner plans to use ready-made dry food, you need to choose only from a high-quality and balanced line. Premium, super premium will do. The composition should be low in protein.
Since the Scottish Terrier has a good appetite, the owner of the dog should monitor the amount of food consumed by his pet. You cannot feed a dog from the table.
If the owner wants to feed the dog with natural food, remember the following rules.
- Do not give your dog fatty and junk food. The liver is the weakness of scotch tape, so it’s better not to risk it.
- Raw food is a priority, since during heat treatment protein is released.
- It is forbidden to give dyes, flavor enhancers and preservatives.
- Meat - this is the basis of the diet. You should feed your pet beef with cartilage or chicken. The meat is cut into small pieces and served raw. Forcemeat to feed a four-legged friend is undesirable.
- You can give the dog vegetables and cereals. Of cereals, buckwheat, rice, and oatmeal are allowed. You can add vegetable oil with finely chopped herbs.
- Sour milk products can be given. You can’t feed with milk.
- Boiled eggs, dried fruits, raw sea fish (fillet) - also a valid list of diet.
- You can systematically feed large bones in which there are no sharp edges. You can also buy special bones sold at the pet store.
The scotch terrier is a smart but stubborn dog that does not tolerate criticism. She is very sensitive in terms of praise and flattery. These features of the character should be known to every owner of an adhesive tape terrier who decided to start the educational process.
At the very beginning of the training, the Scottish terrier is able to learn with pleasure, but as soon as the classes become familiar to him, without a novelty, he will immediately lose interest in them. Selectivity is another character trait that dog handlers dislike. The scotch terrier is able to perfectly execute the commands that he likes, but ignore those that are not interesting to him. You can develop interest with the help of sweets and affection. Other options do not apply.
To date, no special training program for this breed has been developed. However, dog breeders believe that the classic technique for scotch tape is not suitable. You can try to combine games with learning, shortening the lesson as much as possible.
Adhesive tape is not a dog that will work through fatigue and boredom. For this reason, group classes are not suitable for such animals, since they last a long time, and this quickly frustrates the scotch terrier.
To cope with the instinct of the hunter, because of which the dog will have to constantly run during walks, you need to immediately accustom him to a leash. A well-bred dog will cause less trouble to its owner. Every owner should also know that the scotch terrier is an incredibly active dog, and nothing can be done about it.
You can only distract the pet’s attention with toys from other items, but expensive shoes should be hidden. Expensive repairs do not need to be done until the dog has become an adult. If the puppy becomes too impudent, it can be punished with light slaps. It is allowed to apply such punishment only at the time of misconduct, so that the terrier understands why he is being punished.
Puppies like to bite, which should immediately be stopped, because in adulthood the animal will continue to show aggression. Shouting at the dog won't work. This technique can work with other breeds, but with a Scotsman such training can only lead to frustration or resentment. You should not expect that the pet will immediately begin to understand the command, for a start he must decide on the purpose of its implementation. No need to load the dog with constant repeats of acquired skills. It will only tire him.
Training should be from the first day of a puppy’s life in a new house. This is a prerequisite for obtaining an obedient pet, because this breed was bred for independent work, where dependence on a person is not required. Due to this, the scotch terrier may be particularly stubborn in training. If the owner of the dog does not have enough time and energy to work with the terrier, you can contact a specialized school for help.
Now the scotch terrier is rarely used as a hunter. This is not due to a decrease in hunting instincts, but to the unwillingness of the owners to train their pet in this area. Dog breeders are more interested in the external data of the terriers, therefore they do not allow the dog to swarm in the ground.
If the owner wants to remind his dog about the skills of the stalker, it is enough to visit the privet zones of his region, where the scotch terrier will quickly remember its origin. After a couple of months of training, he will be a highly skilled fox catcher, and will be able to conquer even the deepest holes.
At such trainings, the dog will be freed from excess energy. He will do what he loves, getting the physical activity he needs. However, the owner of the dog should be extremely careful during the walk: if usually the owners try to quench the hunter's instincts, this will not work here. In ordinary life, the dog will also pursue its goals in the form of cats and small dogs.
Scotland terriers have been around since the 16th century. - small dogs with strong teeth, desperately bold, so much so that to fight alone with a burrowing beast underground and skillfully deal with rats. Those that later formed into several similar breeds: the Sky Terrier, the Dandy Didmont Terrier, the West Highland White Terrier, scotch tape and York that adjoined them.
These squat daredevils, fox hunters, badger, otter, differed from English terriers in low legs and a stretched format. This configuration - a large head, a tightly knocked-down body, a thick tail and wide-set short limbs - was optimal for the rocky terrain of Scotland.
Dogs with a special coarse coat of a dark color and a "square" head stood out by connoisseurs, but until the middle of the 19th century a clear division into breeds could not be achieved. The first ring of scotch terriers took place at an exhibition in 1860, but another 20 years of heated debate and discussion between fans of different terriers took place before the time came for a full-fledged standard of Scottish terriers.
Description of the breed was published in 1880, and soon the Scotch Terrier Club began its work. It is not surprising that after a few years there were two clubs: in Scotland and England. Almost at the same time, the first representatives of scotch terriers found themselves in America.
The ancestors of the breed were very different from modern scottis: taller, with an elongated body and a completely different, saber-shaped tail. Not black, but “brindle” (dark mottled-brindle) was the main color of the first scotch tapes, the third option - wheat - has been fixed since 1905. Nevertheless, the breed lovers sought, in parallel with the refinement of the general appearance of the dogs, to fix the black color as more stylish. This was possible by the 30s. XX century
By this time, the adhesive tapes had lost their hunting utilitarianism, but they retained their original character and intelligence. Dogs with an original appearance and not requiring active walking became fashionable among citizens, especially in bohemian and aristocratic circles of Great Britain and the USA.
Only a few specimens appeared in Russia, purposefully several adhesive tapes were brought to the USSR after the Second World War. Through the Krasnaya Zvezda nursery, they spread to Moscow and Leningrad, forming the basic livestock of two types.
The heyday of the breed was marked by the end of the 1990s. after enrichment of the pedigree fund with import producers. Now in Russia there is an exceptionally high level of “Scots”, Russian breeding dogs win serious international exhibitions, even in the homeland of the breed - Kraft.
The tape terrier standard is one of the first official FCI documents. The progress of the breed is obvious, but the description of the exterior has undergone only minor changes.
Currently, document No. 73 of 2011 is valid.
The standard describes the Scottish Terrier as a small short-legged dog with the makings of an energetic and strong burrow hunter, interested and not at all phlegmatic.
Height and weight should be included in the parameters determined by the size of the hole: 25–28 cm at the withers and weighing 8.5–10.5 kg.
Interestingly, the standard does not provide guidance on the format of a terrier. Only a short back is mentioned.
The head is large, long, with a fairly wide flat skull and a well-filled muzzle. The lines of the head are noble, without protruding cheekbones. Brand Features:
- Large black nose, beveled to the chin.
- Brown dark eyes in any color.
- Look attentive, even a little sharp.
- Erect ears with triangular, slightly rounded tips.
- The skull and muzzle are the same length.
Scotch tape has a muscular neck. The body is solid, with a strong top and a wide basin. The tail is high, the dog carries it vertically. The chest is voluminous with well-curved ribs.
The limbs are bony, with large pads. The hind legs are very powerful, with developed and wide hips.
Thick double structure wool: soft undercoat and stiff awn.
Three colors are acceptable:
The standard does not contain requirements for hairstyles and preparation of wool.
The appearance of modern show champions is very different from the ideal of the breed, as understood by the founders of the factory breeding. Show-level tape has a much shorter back, elongated neck and pronounced withers. Specific grooming turned Scotch into an elegant dandy.
The decorative tendency also had negative consequences: softening the coat, lightening the bones, and even miniaturization, as well as affecting the temperament of the dogs. Just the nature of the scotch terrier standard pays great attention.
An ideal adhesive tape, according to the standard, cannot have a weak psyche - this is perhaps the only reason why it is recommended to disqualify a dog.
Scottish Terrier Health and Disease
In general, dogs have good immunity and normal genetics. A little apart are the "wheaten", in whom a light color is associated with a risk of deafness.
Scotch tape has a tendency to form various tumors, not necessarily malignant.
Another specificity is convulsions, which can occur quite unexpectedly at the time of excitement and activity. The cause of the phenomenon called “Scottie Cramp” is unclear. This is a hereditary disease, but it does not threaten the life of dogs, moreover, it is not associated with pain. However, animals with this pathology are excluded from breeding.
There are also hereditary diseases:
- endocrine system (hypothyroidism, Cushing's syndrome),
- skin (eczema),
- vision (cataract, progressive atrophy of fiber),
- blood (von Willebrand disease, leukemia, hemophilia),
- skeletal system (craniomandibular osteopathy).
In some lines of scotch terriers, difficult births in bitches are noted. The process ends successfully, but requires veterinary care.
With improper grooming, scotch tape suffers from dermatitis.If you do not cut their claws, there may be problems with the fingers and pillows of the paws, impaired gait and the metacarpus.
Scotty is not considered an obvious long-liver, but good maintenance allows him to spend actively 10 years and another 3-4 years as an honorary veteran.
Scotch terrier character
The character of the Scottish terrier is something special. Of course, appearance has given a lot to the popularity of the breed. But there is a suspicion that for a long time the Scottish terrier would not have stayed in the favorites of the public, if not for his pronounced personality.
Not having such a swift reaction as most English terriers, scotch tape takes an observant and thorough analysis of the situation. He notes everything and takes part in all the affairs of the family where he lives. On a walk, he plays the role of the commandant of a section of the territory entrusted to him - a systematic tour, fixing all the objects, checking the contingent. This does not stop him from playing the ball, but everything has its time.
Scotch lives “according to concepts,” and the owner is good who will not try to convince him. There are always points of contact. Is it so important that you go for a walk today on the sidewalk right or left? But the “Scot” seems unacceptable to change the route, so let him be happy in this little thing.
In basic matters, the owner with the terrier always has a consensus. Despite the legendary stubbornness of scotch tape, there are no serious conflicts. Yes, and obstinacy itself, upon careful examination, turns out to be the dog’s way of saying: I am an independent person, let's respect my opinion.
There is no doubt that Scotty has an opinion on any issue. He is not a phlegm, he is keenly interested in the situation, just the features of anatomy do not give him motor tools for self-expression. If necessary, he simply stops or barks.
The inability to move quickly developed in scotch tape a subtle sense of humor, original facial expressions and expressive head turns. However, there are dogs with an amazing drive, Agility fans and lovers chasing companions.
There are more serious specimens, but the aggressiveness of modern “Scots” is a rarity and vice. Seeing a dog fight, scotch tape will be watched with interest, but he himself is not involved in such matters.
Scotch tape keeps a distance with strangers and never initiates contact. They are restrained in the family circle, do not climb with kisses and do not bother. Express emotions very metered and noble. Some owners seriously believe that scottis are a bit of a cat.
Characteristics of the breed Scotch - Terrier
|For an apartment:||fits|
|Fits:||for experienced owners|
|FCI (IFF):||Group 3, Section 2|
|Lives:||10 to 12 years|
|Height:||25 cm - 28 cm|
|Weight:||8 kg - 10 kg|
Scotch Terrier or Scottish Terrier - a small dog of a small breed. It has long been used for hunting various burrowing animals of badgers and foxes. They are called "big dogs in a small body," or "gentlemen with a big loving heart."
Scotch Terrier breed description and MKF standard
- FCI Classification: Group 3. Terriers, Section 2. Small Terriers. Without working trials.
- Important proportions: the skull and face should be the same length.
- General view: small, stocky, short-legged, nimble, suitable for work in a hole.
- Behavior / temperament: active, cheerful, full of strength and energy. Very smart, courageous and independent, without manifestation of aggression.
- Build: Strong.
- Head: long, but consistent with body proportions. It rushes with dignity.
- Skull: almost flat, even with sufficient width it seems narrow.
- Stop (transition from forehead to muzzle): not sharp, but clearly visible at eye level.
- Nose: large, black.
- Muzzle: Strong, long, deep and voluminous throughout.
- Cheekbones: do not protrude.
- Jaws / Teeth: the scissor bite is correct, the upper incisors closely overlapping the lower. The teeth are large, placed perpendicular to the jaw.
- Eyes: almond-shaped, dark brown, widely spaced. Insightful, smart look.
- Ears: erect, triangular in shape, pointed at the end, thin. High set, not widely spaced. Covered with short hair. Do not stop.
- Neck: muscular, of moderate length, smoothly connecting with a wide chest deeply lowered between the paws, with a good exit and a slight bend in the upper part, this gives it a proud posture.
- Top line: straight, without deflection.
- Back: short, strong.
- Loin: Muscular.
- Chest: Broad, lowered between the forelimbs. Well-rounded ribs straighten down, forming a deep chest, laid back.
P.S. : Males should have two apparently normal testicles fully descended into the scrotum.
Scotch terrier character
This is a brave, intelligent, and bold breed. She possesses a rather sophisticated appearance, a sharp mind, and in courage is not inferior to large breeds. Scotch terrier combines many different qualities. He may be mischievous, courageous and playful, but at the same time remain reasonable and diplomatically restrained.
Many connoisseurs of this breed note that the main feature of the character is independence and independence. It may seem to an inexperienced breeder that the scotch terrier is stubborn and stupid, but it is not. He is characterized by self-esteem, and if he submits to and obeys his master, he can only if he sees a friend and partner in him.
The scotch terrier always remembers the line of what is permissible, and can cross it only if suddenly the owner is the first to be able to violate mutual respect for him. Dogs of this breed cannot be used force during training, they will understand everything well, if you are typed, patience and show love and affection for them. But if you try to subjugate the scotch terrier by force, you will definitely see a negative result.
This cute little dog is experiencing injustice. She is sensitive to various praises or reproaches, but the philosophical mindset simply does not allow this to be demonstrated. A proud Scotch terrier in his soul is a true Highlander, and it will be difficult to experience an unjust punishment or cruelty of the owner, in relation to himself, and he will also not tolerate inattention and rudeness. Considering that he was undeservedly offended, the scotch terrier can “not talk” and take offense at the owner for several days, and never miss a chance to avenge injustice. It is simply impossible to “buy” it for your favorite treat, and only a demonstration of sincere love and friendship will atone for it.
It’s good for a dog if she feels herself in the family as a full member, which she always reckons with, then she will be affectionate and tactful to everyone in the house. His self-sufficient character warehouse always makes itself felt. He does not fulfill any whim of the owner, and communicates with a person if he wants to.
Adhesive tape of a terrier is called a big dog in a small package for a reason.
He does not consider himself small, and can easily communicate with large breeds, and behave on an equal footing. This feature often surprises owners of Rottweilers, German Shepherd dogs, Great Dane dogs, or Labradors, because they believe that this baby has no place among large service dogs. He is very brave, despite his small stature, he is always ready to defend his territory and master. Due to his inherent diplomacy, he often avoids fighting with other dogs without losing his dignity.
When you want to buy an adhesive tape of a terrier, remember that it does not have a simple character and for his education you need to have a lot of patience, learn to analyze all the motives of his actions and actions. But if you establish friendly trusting relationships with him, you will forever gain a faithful, reliable friend and protector, as well as an excellent and tireless travel companion, and a fearless defender.
Caring for Scotch Terrier Wool
Haircut terrier photo
This breed has hard wool, which needs regular brushing and obligatory trimming 2 times a year. This is best done in the fall and spring. In the interval between trimming, the hair is well trimmed with scissors.
Particular attention is required to the beard, mustache and the so-called "skirt". They should be combed regularly with a comb, and thus remove dead hair, as a result, the hair will gradually grow, and look thick and well-groomed. Thanks to such simple procedures, your pet will always look decorative and well-groomed.
A very important point is that one should not start grooming on the “skirt”, otherwise, mats will form, and at the same time one should not be too zealous in combing it.
The beard of the pet should be wiped with a clean, damp cloth, and comb forward.
Most often, scotch terriers are found in black, but there are also white, and wheat, and even tiger shades. This feature allows it to be cut more often between trimming than dogs of another breed, but do not abuse it.
The hair on the back of the pet should always remain stiff, shiny, and close-fitting. In rain or slush, it is good to use overalls so that your pet does not stain a beautiful "skirt", which then will have to be washed and dried for a long time.SharePinTweetSendSend